18 million new cancer cases this year — United Nations cancer agency

Desiree Burns
September 13, 2018

According to IARC, a specialised cancer agency of the World Health Organisation, the disease is a growing global health threat.

"A lot of those (cancer cases) could be prevented, with key prevention efforts focusing on some of the main risk factors which we have heard about: tobacco consumption, alcohol consumption, lack of physical activity and improper diet", said Dr. Etienne Krug, director of WHO's department of non-communicable diseases. This is partly because of the huge population and also because of the prevalence of some particular type of cancer in that particular area, like liver cancer. The number of cancer deaths in the country stood at 784,821. Of this, 587,249 were women diagnosed with cancer.

The latest report suggests lung cancer, female breast cancer, and bowel cancer are responsible for a third of all cancer cases and deaths worldwide.

The data showed that cancer types traditionally associated with rich country lifestyles - more overweight people who are less inclined to exercise - were increasingly common in developing nations.

The numbers published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer were slightly higher than those in the last world-wide update in 2012, when officials expected 14 million new cancer cases and 8 million deaths. Most cancer cases occur in the older population, which is growing in the country.

"Extraordinary diversity" Overall, the report estimates, almost half of all cases and most cancer deaths in the world this year will occur in Asia, partly because of the large numbers of people living in the continent and partly because some cancers with higher death rates are more common in this region.

SC won’t evacuate prison for Hurricane Florence
Another view from astronaut Alexander Gerst of the eye of Hurricane Florence, posted to Twitter on September 12, 2018. The hurricane center's projected track previously had Florence charging into the North Carolina coast on Friday .

Europe accounts for 23.4 per cent of global cancer cases and 20.3 per cent of cancer deaths, although it has only 9 per cent of the global population.

The Americas have more than 13 per cent of the global population but account for 21 per cent of cancers and some 14 per cent of global mortality.

One of the leading causes of cancer in women is lung cancer.

IARC's report said prevention efforts - such as stop-smoking campaigns, screenings, and human papillomavirus vaccinations - may have helped reduce incidence rates for some cancers, such as lung cancer among men in Northern Europe and North America and cervical cancer in most regions other than sub-Saharan Africa.

This means "there's a need to invest in prevention and public health programs, and develop health services' capacity, particularly in low-medium income countries". They are also among the five most risky forms of cancer, representing one third of all cancer incidence and mortality worldwide, according to IARC's GLOBOCAN 2018 database, which provides estimates of incidence and mortality in 185 countries for 36 types of cancer.

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